Oxy-Fuel Turbomachinery Development for Energy Intensive Industrial Applications


Future fossil-fueled power generation systems will require emission control technologies such as carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) to comply with government greenhouse gas regulations. The three prime candidate technologies which permit carbon dioxide (CO2) to be captured and safely stored include pre-combustion, post-combustion capture and oxy-fuel (O-F) combustion. For more than a decade Clean Energy Systems, Inc. (CES) has been designing and demonstrating enabling technologies for oxy-fuel power generation; specifically steam generators, hot gas expanders and reheat combustors.

Recently CES has partnered with Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc. (FTT) and Siemens Energy, Inc. to develop and demonstrate turbomachinery systems compatible with the unique characteristics of oxy-fuel working fluids. The team has adopted an aggressive, but economically viable development approach to advance turbine technology towards early product realization. Goals include short-term, incremental advances in power plant efficiency and output while minimizing capital costs and cost of electricity.

Phase 2 of this development work has been greatly enhanced by a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Under this program the team will design, manufacture and test a commercial-scale intermediate-pressure turbine (IPT) to be used in industrial O-F power plants. These plants will use diverse fuels and be capable of capturing 99% of the produced CO2 at competitive cycle efficiencies and cost of electricity. Initial plants will burn natural gas and generate more than 200MWe with near-zero emissions.

To reduce development cost and schedule an existing gas turbine engine will be adapted for use as a high-temperature O-F IPT. The necessary modifications include the replacement of the engine’s air compressor with a thrust balance system and altering the engine’s air-breathing combustion system into a steam reheating system using direct fuel and oxygen injection.

Excellent progress has been made to date. FTT has completed the detailed design and issued manufacturing drawings to convert a Siemens SGT-900 to an oxy-fuel turbine (OFT). Siemens has received, disassembled and inspected an SGT-900 B12 and ordered all necessary new components for engine changeover. Meanwhile CES has been working to upgrade an existing test facility to support demonstration of a “simple” oxy-fuel power cycle. Low-power demonstration testing of the newly assembled OFT-900 is expected to commence in late 2012.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME and Siemens Energy, Inc.